Migration&Integration Spain Study

CEAR: Towards a Dignified Life

Report on Discrimination and Persecution on the Basis of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity


© CEphoto, Uwe Aranas / CC BY-SA 3.0


Within this report, CEAR (The Spanish Commission for Refugees) examines the situation of LGBT refugees both within Spain as their host-country and within their countries of origin. The analysis depicts the hardships of refugees that have to experience intersectional discrimination, stemming both from discrimination on the basis of ethnicity and discrimination due to their gender identity and sexual orientation.

After giving an overview regarding the discrimination and persecution of LGBT people worldwide, the publication deals with the topic of LGBT criminalization and persecution, providing both objective and subjective insights from countries such as Honduras, Nicaragua, Russia, Iran, Morocco, Ethiopia or Cameroon. Even though LGBT refugees don’t have to be afraid of comparable legal persecution within the hosting country Spain, they still have to experience discrimination and hate crimes both coming from Spanish citizens and from fellow refugees.

Yet CEAR does not only depict the graveness of LGBT refugee discrimination, but also offers mechanisms and policy recommendations in order to deal with acts of discrimination, ranging from individual strategies to collective action, from legislative action to news coverage reform.


This study was published first on the CEAR website.