Professor, University of Bremen
Lothar Probst is a German political scientist and professor at the University of Bremen. He was the managing director of the Institute for Intercultural and International Studies at the University of Bremen and Head of the Department of Election, Party and Participation Research at the Institute for Political Science of the University of Bremen. His research and teaching focuses on the field of party and election research. Other areas of research include questions of democratic theory, questions of political cultural research with a focus on Germany and the development of new social- and civic movements.
According to Scharmer, three main divides within the United States contributed to the success of Donald Trump, which took many by surprise.
The unexpected happened and we are still searching for an answer why it happened and what might be the adequate response. This essay attempts to look for the reasons of the current success of populists on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean and to face the challenge that is produced by this convergence.
Following the latest tragedy involving migrants, 28 members and leaders of the EU have initiated plans for a military operation to combat criminal gangs who smuggle refugees in thousands per ship. The details of the initiative still need to be clarified, and the body of water where the operation will cover needs to be decided. This will require Libya’s permission to destroy the smugglers’ boats in its territorial waters. The EU needs to obtain a mandate in order to operate under Chapter 7 of the United Nations (UN) charter.
The political mainstream thinks that this crisis is conjunctural, not structural. But the trouble with austerity policies is, that they increase the crisis in a cumulative way. With austerity one can only enlarge the probability to maintain the crisis, not to rule out it. And politicians don’t solve this problem – they preserve it.
The government has to stop taxing people and is in need of a long term plan, liberating entrepreneurs and also modernizing the public sector through technology and more qualified personnel. Social cohesion is eroding when there is no trust between the people and the state, but instead exertion and pressure.