Takis S. Pappas
Central European University
Takis S. Pappas (Ph.D., Yale, 1995) is an Associate Professor of Comparative Politics in Thessaloniki, Greece and, at present, a Visiting Fellow at the Department of Political and Social Sciences at the European University Institute in Florence, Italy. Author of two books and many academic articles in leading journals, Takis has taught and conducted research in several places in Europe and the U.S. His current projects include a comparative study of the rise of populism in postwar Europe and the causes, and repercussions, of the Greek crisis in comparative perspective.
According to Scharmer, three main divides within the United States contributed to the success of Donald Trump, which took many by surprise.
Following the latest tragedy involving migrants, 28 members and leaders of the EU have initiated plans for a military operation to combat criminal gangs who smuggle refugees in thousands per ship. The details of the initiative still need to be clarified, and the body of water where the operation will cover needs to be decided. This will require Libya’s permission to destroy the smugglers’ boats in its territorial waters. The EU needs to obtain a mandate in order to operate under Chapter 7 of the United Nations (UN) charter.
The political mainstream thinks that this crisis is conjunctural, not structural. But the trouble with austerity policies is, that they increase the crisis in a cumulative way. With austerity one can only enlarge the probability to maintain the crisis, not to rule out it. And politicians don’t solve this problem – they preserve it.
The government has to stop taxing people and is in need of a long term plan, liberating entrepreneurs and also modernizing the public sector through technology and more qualified personnel. Social cohesion is eroding when there is no trust between the people and the state, but instead exertion and pressure.
As the DIALOGUE ON EUROPE project aims to “rebuild trust” in European institutions and the European Union itself, two question arise amongst others: Which factors lead to a loss of trust in European institutions? What are the consequences of this loss for the European political culture and which possible democratic solutions can be identified? Within this context, it is inevitable to discuss and define the frequently used, yet often not further specified term of populism.